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The district was situated between 78° 40' and 80° 05'E, of the eastern longitudes and 16° 25' and 17° 60'N, of northern latitudes.

The Boundaries of Nalgonda district are Krishna and Khammam districts in the East, Mahaboobnagar and Hyderabad districts in the West, Mahaboobnagar and Guntur districts in the South and Medak and Warangal districts in the North directions.

The district has population of 34,88,809 as per the 2011 census which accounts for 9.91% of the total population of the State with 7.41% decadal growth.

Nagarjuna Sagar Dam


Nagarjuna Sagar Dam is the world's largest masonry dam. It was built on the Krishna River at Nagarjuna Sagar in between Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh state and Nalgonda district of Telangana state, India. The construction duration of the dam was between the years of 1955 and 1967.

The dam created a water reservoir whose capacity is 11,472,000,000 cubic meters (4.051×1011 cu ft) . The dam is 490 feet (150 m) tall and 0.99 miles (1.6 km) long with 26 gates which are 42 feet (13 m) wide and 45 feet (14 m) tall.

Nagarjuna Sagar was the earliest in the series of large infrastructure projects initiated for the Green Revolution in India; it also is one of the earliest multi-purpose irrigation and hydro-electric projects in India. The dam provides irrigation water to the Nalgonda Khammam districts of Telangana, Prakasam, Krishna and Guntur districts of Andhra Pradesh along with electric power to the national grid. It holds second largest reservoir in India after Indira Sagar in Madhya Pradesh followed by Bhakra dam. It is the largest dam in India in terms of Length,1,550 meters.



Nagarjuna Sagar in an important Buddhist site located 150 kms from Hyderabad. The historic location takes its name from the Buddhist saint and scholar Acharya Nagarjuna who is said to have set up a centre of learning here. Today, Nagarjuna Sagar is home to Nagarjuna Sagar Dam - the world's tallest masonry dam that irrigates over 10 lakh acres of land.

It was during the building of the dam that the ruins of an ancient Buddhist civilization were excavated here. Some of the relics unearthed have been carefully preserved on a picturesque island called Nagarjuna Konda, located in the centre of a man-made lake..

Yadagirigutta Temple


Yadagirigutta Temple The area acquired its name and fame from a sage called Yadarishi, son of the great sage Rishyasrunga who did penance inside a cave with the blessings of Anjaneya on this hill between Bhongir and Raigiri in Nalgonda district. Pleased with his deep devotion, Lord Narasimha (an incarnation of Lord Vishnu) appeared before him in five different forms as Jwala, Yogananda, Gandabherunda, Ugra and Lakshminarasimha.

They later manifested themselves into finely sculpted forms that later came to be worshipped as Panchanarasimha Kshetram. As the legend goes, the Lord appeared first as Jwala Narasimha (Lord as a flame) , when Yadarishi was unable to face the intensity of this apparition, he appeared in a

peaceful form as Yoganarasimha (Lord in a Yogic Padmasana posture with open palms on the knees). Not satisfied with the Lord appearing alone, Yadarishi sought to see him with this consort, so he is said to have appeared with Lakshmi on his lap, known as Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy and as being worshipped by Alwars, his ardent devotees.

Districts Geographical Profile

Item Units Figure Source
Area In ‘000 Sq. Km 14.2 Census 2011
Population In Persons 34,88,809 Census 2011
Male In Persons 17,59,772 Census 2011
Female In Persons 17,28,037 Census 2011
Urban In Persons 6,62,507 Census 2011
Rural In Persons 28,26,302 Census 2011
Population Growth (decadal) % 7.41 Census 2011
Population Density (Person/Sq.Km) Ratio 245 Census 2011
Literacy % 64.2 Census 2011
Male % 74.1 Census 2011
Female % 54.19 Census 2011
Urbanisation % 18.989489 Census 2011
Workers as % of total population In Persons 51.75 Census 2011
Workers % of main Workers % 43.56 Census 2011
Household industries % 0.69 Census 2011
Area under Food & Non-Food crops Area in Hectares 6,83,662 Statistical Year Book-2013
Mining & Quarrying (Coal – Top) Qty in tonnes 1,39,70,510 Statistical Year Book-2013
Forest Area under the control of Forest Department Area in SQ.Kms 836.93 Statistical Year Book-2013
Gross irrigated area as % of gross cropped area % 42.36 Statistical Year Book-2013
Road Length per 100 sq.km. In Sq.km 132.34248 Statistical Year Book-2013
Post offices per 100,000 persons Ratio 21.038698 Statistical Year Book-2013
Bank branches per 100,000 persons Ratio 7.9110092 Statistical Year Book-2013
Population per bank In Thousands 12.82 Statistical Year Book-2013
Per capita bank deposits Rs. In Crores 12795.484 Statistical Year Book-2013
Per capita bank credit In Rs. 19378.533 Statistical Year Book-2013
Per capita bank credit to agriculture In Rs. 44.636098 Statistical Year Book-2013
Per ha. bank credit to agriculture In Rs. 22.778335 Statistical Year Book-2013
Per capita bank credit to Industries In Rs. 18.443082 Statistical Year Book-2013

Districts Major Crops

Crop Area in hectares Out-turn in tonnes Source
Total cotton 297824 602656 Statistical Year Book-2013
Rice 208524 683868 Statistical Year Book-2013
Greengram 36071 27876 Statistical Year Book-2013
Redgram 28636 13831 Statistical Year Book-2013
Groundnut 22411 33979 Statistical Year Book-2013
Mangoes 8267 65185 Statistical Year Book-2013
Castor 6837 2154 Statistical Year Book-2013
Chillies 6358 15364 Statistical Year Book-2013

Districts Major Mineral Production

Mineral Quantity (Tonnes) Value (‘000 Rs.) Source
Limestone 1,39,70,510 18,58,776 Statistical Year Book-2013
Feldspar 15,500 3,945 Statistical Year Book-2013

District Officials

Name Designation Office Phone Email
Sri Satyanarayana Reddy, IAS Collector & District Magistrate 08682-232302 collector_nlgd@telangana.gov.in
Dr.Satyanarayana, IAS Joint Collector 08682-244509 jc_nlgd@telangana.gov.in
Dr T Prabhakar Rao, IPS Superintendent of Police 08682-222306 -
Sri V Naveen Chand, IPS D.I.G./I.G./Additional D.G. of Police 040-23232185 -

MSME-Industrial Profile

Industrial Profile of Nalgonda District   Click Here To View in Detail