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Adilabad derives its name from the erstwhile ruler of Bijapur, Mohammed Adil Shah. The district is world famous for its Nirmal toy making & Dhokra casting. The district was situated between 77.46′ and 80.01′,of the eastern longitudes and 18.40′ and 19.56′, of northern latitudes.
The district is bounded on north by Yeotmal and Chanda district of Maharastra, on the east by Chanda district, on the south by Karimnagar and Nizamabad districts and on the west by Nanded district of Maharastra State.
The district has population of 20,79,098 which accounts for 3.13% of the total population of the State. It is however takes the fifth rank in area with an extent of 16,128 SU kms.Which account for 5.90% of the total area of the State. It is however,the second largest district in the Telangana of the inhabited and 167 unihabited village and 11 Towns.
The District Comprises of 52 Mandals and 1,743 villages of which 1,557 villages are inhabited and 186 villages are un-inhabitated. There are 7 Muncipalities in the District. The District is conveniently formed into 5 divisions 1)Adilabad, 2) Nirmal, 3)Utnoor, 4)Asifabad, 5)Mancherial.
The district derives its name from Adilabad, its headquarters town which was named after the ruler of Bijapur, Ali Adil Shah. The district was for long not a homogenius unit and its component parts were ruled at different periods by nasties namely, the Mauryas, Staavahanas, Vakatakas, Chaludyasof Badami, Rashtrakututs, Chalukyas of Kalyani, Mughals, Bhosle Rajes of Nagpur and Asaf Jahis, besides the Gond Rajas of Sirpur and Chanda. Originally this was not full fledged district but a sub-district named Sirpur-Tandur which was created in A.D. 1872 with Edlabad (Adilabad), Rajura and Sirpur as its consistuents talukas. In 1905 the status of this sub-district was raised to that of an independent district with head quarters at Adilabad.
The climate of the district is characterized by hot summer and in generally dry except during the south-west monsoon season. The year may be divided into four seasons. The cold season from December to February is followed by the summer season from March to May. The period from june to september constitute the south west monsoon season, while October and November from the postmonsoon season.
The rainfall in the district, in general increases from the south-west towards the north east. About 85% of annual rainfall is received during the south-west monsoon season. July being the peak rainy month. The variation in the Annual rainfall from year is not large. The normal Annual rainfall of the district is 1044.5mm.
There is a meterological obervatory, station at headquarters Adilabad. The cold weather commences towards the end of November when the temperature begins to fall rapidly. December is generally the coldest month, with the mean daily maximum temprature at about 29 C and the mininum daily is 15 C.
The relative humidities are high generally during the south-west monsoon season. The air is generally dry during the rest of the year, the district part of the year being the summer season when the humidity in the afternoon is 25%.
During the south-west monsoon season the sky is heavily clouded. There is rapid decrease of cloudings the post-monsoon season. In the rest year the sky is mostly clear of light clouded.
Winds are light to moderate with some strengthening in the period from May to August. During the post-monsoon and cold season, winds blow mostly from the east or north-east. By March, south westerlies and westerlies start blowing and continue during the rest of summer. The sought west monsoon season winds are mostly from directions between south-west and north west.
The Population of the district according to 2001 census is 24,79,347 of which the rural population accounts for 18,23,004 or 73.52% of the total, while the urban population accounts for 6,56,343 forming 26.48% of the total population. The increase in population during decennial ending 1991 over 1981 is 26.85%, which is higher that of the state. The female population is less namely, 980 females for every 1000 males.
The density of population of the district is 129 persons per sq.km. as against the State average of 241 persons per sq.km. out of the total population of the district, 3.86 Lakhs persons are scheduled castes and 3.55 Lakhs persons are scheduled Tribes forming 18.57% and 17.08% of the total population respectively.
The total No. Of workers is 9,34,3365 constituting 44.93% of the total population as against the state average of 45.27% out of the total main workers, cultivators from 34.09% Agricultural laboureres from 34.88%.
The literate persons in Adilabad district are 5,78,226 forming 27.80% of the total population as against the state average if 37.8. The percentage of literacy in the district increased from 18.79% in 1981 to 27.80 in 1991. It is lower that the state average which increased from 30% in 1981 to 37.58% in 1991.
The southern part of the district consisting of Nirmal, Luxettipet, Khanapur and surrounding mandals is fairly developed agriculturally, owing to the availability of irrigation facilities there. The total cropped area of the district is 5.93 lakh hectares which constitute 37% of the total geographical area. The principal crops of the district are Jowar, paddy, Cotton, Wheat, Maize, Chillies, Sugarcane and Soy.
There is a highest waterfall situated at Kuntala (V) of Neradigonda mandal, Potchera Waterfall at Pochara (V) of Boath mandal, the only one holy pilgrimage of Saraswathi temple at Basar where the thousands of pilgrimages are visiting every day.
The Kaddam Project is an existing major project across river Kaddam, a tributary of Godavari near Peddur (V), Kaddam (M), Adilabad District. The project is envisaged to irrigate an ayacut of 68,000 Ac. Khariff.
The Kaddam Project has been integrated with Sriramasagar Project. The reservoir being supplemented through Sriramasagar Project, Saraswathi Canal to stabilize the localized ayacut.
Basara Temple is situated 150 Kms from Adilabad, Adilabad District, Sri Gyana Saraswathi temple at Basara on the banks of river Godavari is the only temple in South India dedicated to the Goddess of learning. The legend has it that after the Mahabharata war, sage Vyas embarked on a pilgrimage in search of peace. He reached the serene kumaranchala hills on the banks of river Godavari and meditated and propitiated the Goddess who eventually appeared before him and granted her presence in the form of the divine trinity. The Goddess ordered the sage to place three handful of sand at three places everyday.
Miraculously these sand dunes transformed into the idols of the divine trinity i.e., Saraswathi, Lakshmi, & Kali. These are the presiding deities of Basar today. Despite the presence of the trinity, the temple is dedicated to Goddess Saraswathi.
The most important river that drains the district is the river Godavari. The Pengange, the Wardha, and the Pranahita com next importance. The Kadam and the Peddavagu are tributaries of the Godavari. Besides these, there are also rivulets like the Satnala, the Swarna vagu, and the Suddavagu which drain the district.
This mighty river forms the boundary of the district separating the district from Nizamabad and Karimnagar districts and skirts the southern borders of Chennur, Luxettipet, Khanaapur, Nirmal and Mudhole east - while taluks. The Penganga forms part of the northern boundary of the district in Adilabad.
DEPARTMENT OF INDUSTRIES
DISTRICT INDUSTRIES CENTRE, ADILABAD – DISTRICT PROFILE
Adilabad District is district Northern region of Telangana, it is the gateway to the South India. Adilabad district is occupy an area of 4185.97 Sq. Kms. As of 2011 census of India the District has population of 7,08,952. The main function of District Industries Centre (DIC), Adilabad is to assist. Micro, Small, Medium, Large Scale and Village Industries Sector to generate employment opportunities in the manufacturing and servicing sector and acting as nodal agency to deal with all requirements of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs). The District Industries Centre has undertaken various programmes for Investment promotion at the grass root level such as organizing Entrepreneur Development Programs and Workshops, extending support for trade fairs and exhibitions organized by various Industrial Associations.
Potential and Resources of Adilabad District
Agriculture Resources: Cotton, Soya, Redgram Ground Nut, Pulses, Jawar, Vegetables and Paddy at Utnoor.
Opportunities for Agro Processing Units: Pulses processing Mills, Dall Mills, Soya Products, Edible Oil, Cotton Seed Oil units, Seed Processing units for value addition. There is a scope of establishment of Textile Cluster (Ginning and Pressing Cluster). Mini Cold Storages for preservation vegetables.
Horticulture: Tomato, Guva, Green Chilly
Opportunities for Horticulture Units: High value vegetable cultivation, floriculture in poly houses is happening in a big way and the district is identified as potential for high value vegetables and floriculture. There is a scope for Tomato processing units, at Gudihathnoor, Indervelly, Utnoor and Adilabad mandals.
Forest Resources: The Forest wealth such as Tamarind, Beedi leave and Honey Processing at Utnoor.
Opportunities for Forest Resources: There is a scope for set up starch units from Tamarind Seeds, Bee keeping units. Cold Storage units for storage of the Tamarind, Chilly and Vegetables.
Building Stone and Road Metals: (Bheempur, Thamsi, Jainath, Talamadugu, Adilabad, Mavala, Bazarhathnoor, Ichoda, Gudihathnoor, Utnoor)
Manganese: (Adilabad, Bela, Thamsi, Jainath)
Limestone: (Bela, Thamsi, Adilabad)
Laterite: (Narnoor and Gadhiguda)
Opportunities for Mineral based Units: There is a rapid growth in construction activities which required establishment of new stone crushers. Compare to occurance of manganese ore in other areas of country, the manganese ore available in Adilabad District is of less phosphorus content, so which is more beneficial to ferro manganese / ferro alloy industry.
Tourism: Kuntala Water Falls, Pochera Water Falls and Jainath Temple.
There is opportunity for establishing the service sectors unit like Hotels, Resorts, Eco-tourism at Kuntala and Pochera of Neradigonda Mandal.
Infrastructure: Adilabad District having excellent infrastructure facilities and is widely connected by road and rail. Adilabad district located in the middle of Hyderabad Nagpur National Highway, which improves the exports from the District. N.H.No. 44 passing of 4 way lines in Adilabad District 52 Kms from Neredigonda mandal to Penganga river. There is railway line at Adilabad available, in cotton season the cotton bales and cotton seed cake transporting through railway from Adilabad to Mumbai, Coimbatore and Surat.
As per the survey of TSIIC an 846 Acres of land identified for establishment of new Industries in the District.
Electricity : 132/33 KV Substations – 3 (Ichoda, Adilabad, Utnoor), 33/11 KV Substations – 38
Financial Institutions : All commercial banks like SBH, SBI, Andhra Bank,
Commercial Banks : Bank of Maharashtra, Union Bank of India, Bank of Baroda, Private Banks like Karur Vysya Bank, HDFC Bank, ICICI Bank, Laxmi Vilas Banks, Bank of Baroda, Deccan Grameena Banks and ADCC Banks are available in rural areas.
Educational Institutions : I.T.I.s located at Adilabad & Utnoor mandals, Polytechnic College at Adilabad
EXISTING INDUSTRIES :
Large & Medium Units :
Small Units : 27 Ginning & Pressing Units with 1190 Gins and 32 presses 65 Cotton Seed Oil units with 242 expellers
Under implementation : 8 Cotton Ginning & Pressing units are under implementation in Small Category.
TS-iPASS Status from January 2015 to till 03rd March, 2017
Sick Unit : M/s. Cement Corporation of India, Adilabad Referred to BIFR.
Requirement for Revival :
Skills Available : There is one Polytechnic & one ITI college is there
From the above institutions the following skilled persons are available Electricians, Welders, Fitters, Turners, Greessers, there is large number of Auto Mechanics, General Engg. Workers and migrated cement brick workers available, carpentries, masonry, painters, drivers, sculptures, doffers, siders.
Skilled Workers Working :
E.D.P : Conducting EDP programmes for entrepreneurship for un-employed youth.
C.D.P : There is a scope for developing Cotton Ginning and Pressing Cluster at Adilabad.