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Adilabad derives its name from the erstwhile ruler of Bijapur, Mohammed Adil Shah. The district is world famous for its Nirmal toy making & Dhokra casting. The district was situated between 77° 47' and 80° E, of the eastern longitudes and 18.40' and 19.56 N', of northern latitudes.

The district is bounded on north by Yeotmal and Chanda district of Maharashtra, on the east by Chanda district, on the south by Karimnagar and Nizamabad districts and on the west by Nanded district of Maharashtra State. ​

The district has population of 27,41,239 as per the 2011 census which accounts for 7.79% of the total population of the State with 10.18% decadal growth.

Historical Background

The district derives its name from Adilabad, its headquarters town which was named after the ruler of Bijapur, Ali Adil Shah. The district was for long not a homogeneous unit and its component parts were ruled at different periods by nasties namely, the Mauryas, Staavahanas, Vakatakas, Chaludyasof Badami, Rashtrakututs, Chalukyas of Kalyani, Mughals,Bhosle Rajes of Nagpur and Asaf Jahis, besides the Gond Rajas of Sirpur and Chanda. population of 27,41,239 as per the 2011 census which accounts for 7.79% of the total population of the State with 10.18% decadal growth.


The southern part of the district consisting of Nirmal, Luxettipet, Khanapur and surrounding mandals is fairly developed agriculturally, owing to the availability of irrigation facilities there. The total cropped area of the district is 5.93 lakh hectares which constitute 37% of the total geographical area. The principal crops of the district are Jowar, paddy, Cotton, Wheat, Maize, Chillies, Sugarcane and Soy.



There is a highest waterfall situated at Kuntala (V) of Neradigonda mandal, Potchera Waterfall at Pochara (V) of Boath mandal, the only one holy pilgrimage of Saraswathi temple at Basar where the thousands of pilgrimages are visiting every day.

The Kaddam Project is an existing major project across river Kaddam, a tributary of Godavari near Peddur (V), Kaddam (M), Adilabad District. The project is envisaged to irrigate an ayacut of 68,000 Ac. Khariff.

The Kaddam Project has been integrated with Sriramasagar Project. The reservoir being supplemented through Sriramasagar Project, Saraswathi Canal to stabilize the localized ayacut.



Basara Temple is situated 150 Kms from Adilabad, Adilabad District, Sri Gyana Saraswathi temple at Basara on the banks of river Godavari is the only temple in South India dedicated to the Goddess of learning. The legend has it that after the Mahabharata war, sage Vyas embarked on a pilgrimage in search of peace. He reached the serene kumaranchala hills on the banks of river Godavari and meditated and propitiated the Goddess who eventually appeared before him and granted her presence in the form of the divine trinity. The Goddess ordered the sage to place three handful of sand at three places everyday.

Miraculously these sand dunes transformed into the idols of the divine trinity i.e., Saraswathi, Lakshmi, & Kali. These are the presiding deities of Basar today. Despite the presence of the trinity, the temple is dedicated to Goddess Saraswathi.

Hills And Rivers


The most important river that drains the district is the river Godavari. The Pengange, the Wardha, and the Pranahita com next importance. The Kadam and the Peddavagu are tributaries of the Godavari. Besides these, there are also rivulets like the Satnala, the Swarna vagu, and the Suddavagu which drain the district.

This mighty river forms the boundary of the district separating the district from Nizamabad and Karimnagar districts and skirts the southern borders of Chennur, Luxettipet, Khanaapur, Nirmal and Mudhole east - while taluks. The Penganga forms part of the northern boundary of the district in Adilabad.

Districts Geographical Profile

Item Units Figure Source
Area In ‘000 Sq. Km 16.1 Census 2011
Population In Persons 27,41,239 Census 2011
Male In Persons 13,71,642 Census 2011
Female In Persons 16.1 Census 2011
Urban In Persons 7,60,259 Census 2011
Rural In Persons 19,80,980 Census 2011
Population Growth (decadal) % 10.18 Census 2011
Population Density (Person/Sq.Km) Ratio 170 Census 2011
Literacy % 61.01 Census 2011
Male % 70.81 Census 2011
Female % 51.31 Census 2011
Urbanisation % 27.734138 Census 2011
Workers as % of total population In Persons 49.17 Census 2011
Workers % of main Workers % 37.77 Census 2011
Household industries % 4.3 Census 2011
Area under Food & Non-Food crops Area in Hectares 6,60,641 Statistical Year Book-2013
Mining & Quarrying (Coal – Top) Qty in tonnes 1,18,75,286 Statistical Year Book-2013
Forest Area under the control of Forest Department Area in SQ.Kms 7231.89 Statistical Year Book-2013
Gross irrigated area as % of gross cropped area % 16.84 Statistical Year Book-2013
Road Length per 100 sq.km. In Sq.km 102.69291 Statistical Year Book-2013
Post offices per 100,000 persons Ratio 18.823605 Statistical Year Book-2013
Bank branches per 100,000 persons Ratio 7.5513299 Statistical Year Book-2013
Population per bank In Thousands 13.5 Statistical Year Book-2013
Per capita bank deposits Rs. In Crores 18532.496 Statistical Year Book-2013
Per capita bank credit In Rs. 16988.668 Statistical Year Book-2013
Per capita bank credit to agriculture In Rs. 28.429426 Statistical Year Book-2013
Per ha. bank credit to agriculture In Rs. 11.796399 Statistical Year Book-2013
Per capita bank credit to Industries In Rs. 36.090144 Statistical Year Book-2013

Districts Major Crops

Crop Area in hectares Out-turn in tonnes Source
Total cotton 370363 723297 Statistical Year Book-2013
Rice 70749 187267 Statistical Year Book-2013
Soyabeen 58771 84630 Statistical Year Book-2013
Redgram 40631 26817 Statistical Year Book-2013
Jowar 28792 35462 Statistical Year Book-2013
Maize 22020 68773 Statistical Year Book-2013
Bengalgram 17204 25341 Statistical Year Book-2013
Greengram 8076 5240 Statistical Year Book-2013

Adilabad Districts Major Mineral Production

Mineral Quantity (Tonnes) Value (‘000 Rs.) Source
Coal 1,18,75,286 1,58,65,382 Statistical Year Book-2013
Limestone 42,16,268 5,60,974 Statistical Year Book-2013

District Officials

Name Designation Office Phone Email
Dr. M. Jagan Mohan, IAS Collector & District Magistrate 08732-226203 collector_adbd@telangana.gov.in
Sri Sunder Abnar Joint Collector 08732-226557 jc_adbd@telangana.gov.in
Sri Dr. Tarun Joshi, IPS Superintendent of Police 08732-226888 spadb-ap@nic.in
Sri R Bheema Naik, IPS D.I.G./I.G./Additional D.G. of Police 0878-2262377 -

MSME-Industrial Profile

Industrial Profile of Adilabad District   Click Here To View in Detail